They’re recognized by existence of white, red, black banding patterns over their bodies. In certain areas the pattern of banding will help in differentiation of non-venomous species from the ones that are venomous. They’re natives of North America. Those found in different parts of world have distinct banding patterns and in some no banding is present at all. New World coral snakes inhabit the temperate area of usa. Arizona coral snakes are distributed from the southern and western area of Arizona.
The North American species don’t grow over 3 feet but specimens of 5 ft long coral snakes are found. Aquatic species have flat tails that behave as fin through swimming. The behavior of these snakes is changeable. They are quite elusive, fossorial snakes that spend most of their time by staying buried in the ground or in the leaf litter of rainforests coming just during heavy showers of rain or during the breeding period. Some species are aquatic and reside in slow flowing water streams with dense vegetation. They are venomous and like all elapids have fangs behaving as hypodermic needles for injecting venom into the body of their sufferer. The fangs remain permanently erect and are present in the peak of the upper jaw. Venom is extremely powerful and is injected into the body of the victim before swallowing.
They have the propensity to hold the victim after biting it. They seldom bite and less than 1% deaths are recorded by the sting of these snakes in america. New world snakes are dispersed in various areas of the temperate United States especially of the southern selection. The majority of the sting of coral snake in United States is caused by accidental contact of persons with the snake . New World snakes possess the potent venom than some of the North American snake beside that of the rattle snake. 3-5 mg of venom of the organism can kill a human being. Most venomous snakes inject 75-100 mg venom from the body of the sufferer to cause death of prey. When struck with humans they attempt to run and snack very rarely merely to protect them. They have short fangs incapable to permeate into leather covering. Their venom is neurotoxic affecting the nervous system of prey so heavy doses of antivenom have to in order to save victim’s life. This is a rare instance of Mertensian mimicry. There are a few non-venomous species whose pattern seems to mimic that of coral snakes.