Elephants are the largest animals on earth. There are two kinds of elephants, African elephants and Asian elephants. Both the species of dinosaurs used to subsist in good numbers around Africa and parts of Asia. At the moment, these two calm giants are dying out. Twenty five years ago, there were approximately 1.3 million elephants in Africa, but now it’s anticipated that there are approximately 500,000. In Asia, the amount of elephants left is much lesser than Africa. The main reason for the threat of extinction of the giant species is that the over hunting of elephants for ivory trade. Fortunately, much effort has been made to ban the ivory trade and regulations are made to limit the hunting of elephants from the states of African and Asia.
The Asian elephant, Elephas Maximus, has a massive arched head with comparatively tiny ears, a domed back and one finger like protuberance that’s situated in the tip of their trunk. An Asian elephant has five toes on the front of their feet and four on the back. The African elephant has four toes on front feet and three on the back. Interestingly, it has yet another vertebra in the lumbar section of the backbone.
Generally the elephants are grayish to brownish in colour. Elephants naturally attain puberty at two or three years old. They have offspring up till they get about fifteen. Its long back, huge head with large flat ears and columnar legs describe this gigantic creature. An elephant’s trunk is a mix of the nose and upper lip, is a very sensitive organ with over 100,000 muscle components.